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examples of archaeoastronomy in dramatic cinema

Apocalypto (2006) National Treasure (2004) Cast Away (2000)
Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959)

.pdf files of documentary transcripts

text only displayed and printable in black & white updated: mid-2006 revisions 168 KB, 25 pages, download

first edition text with embedded chapter thumbnail images in color, 2005 2.2 MB, 27 pages, download

bibliography with links and .pdf downloads in blue

video ash-Shahri, Ali Ahmed Ali, Dhofar Salalah, Sultanate of Oman, author of Dhofar: its Ancient Inscriptions and Writings and The Language of AAD; Oman Daily Observer newspaper article 'Ancient script leads Dhofar to Colorado', January 23, 2016

correspondence including Dr. Calvert Watkins letter from 1977 involving the Office of State Archaeologist Colorado re: Dr. Don Rickey's suspected Ogham discoveries at site 5LA1115, selectively highlighted, with bridge narrative by Scott Monahan download 2.8 MB, 20 pages

Dorn, Ronald I., Professor of Geography, Arizona State University, Tempe, Rock Varnish (desert varnish): An Internet Primer for Rock Art Research

Dorn, Ronald I., 2004, 'Experimental Approaches to Dating Petroglyphs and Geoglyphs with Rock Varnish in the California Deserts: Current Status and Future Directions,' In The Human Journey & Ancient Life in California Deserts, Mark W. Allen and Judyth Reed, Editors, Ridgecrest, CA, Maturango Museum Publication No. 15, pp. 211-224, ISBN 0-943041-08-2 download 2 MB, 15 pages

Eccott, David J, 2005, 'The Ogams of the Sun Temple' including the astronomical petroglyph memorializing the 3 planets aligned in the Gemini constellation on Lughnasad 471 CE and Mithraism download 1.6 MB, 24 pages

Fell, Barry, 1976, America B.C., Quadrangle, ISBN 0-671-79013-7

Fell, Barry, October 1982, 'An Ogam Consaine inscribed artifact from Windmill Hill, Wiltshire, England,' In short reports and letters to the editor of Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 10:110-111, and corrected follow-up 1986, 'Windmill Hill Amulets,' in ESOP, 15:34-36, plus reprint of related 1987 magazine ad. download 804 KB, 5 pages.

Fell, Barry and Dexter, Warren W., December 1983, 'Tifinag in Irish Megalithic Rock Engravings' (backstone at Loughcrew Cairn T), In Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 11:241-244. download 376 KB, 4 pages

Fell, Barry, 1985, a biographical profile of Rollin W. Gillespie, a modern renaissance man who was the primary mathematician for the trans-lunar insertion trajectory that enabled Americans to reach the moon and return safely to the earth, In Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 14:111. download 540 KB, 1 page

Fell, Barry, 1986, 'Celtic or Keltic?' on preferred pronunciation in Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 15:24-25. download 144 KB, 1 page

Gallagher, Ida Jane, 1985, 'Irish Inscriptions Confirmed by Archaeoastronomy' (backstone at Loughcrew Cairn T), In Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 14:104-106. download 368 KB, 3 pages

Lehrburger, Carl, 2005, 'Ancient Colorado Rock Art Site Employs Light Animation to Mark Equinoxes: Astronomical Alignments Predate Anasazi Civilization' Part One, In Ancient American, Issue 65, 10:12-17 download 1.2 MB, 6 pages

Lehrburger, Carl, 2006, 'Pathfinder Petroglyphs and Possible Associations with Native American Mythology' Part Two, In Ancient American, Issue 66, 10:15-19 download 1.8 MB, 5 pages

Lehrburger, Carl, 2006, 'The Anubis Caves: Evidence of Mithraism and Celtic Religion in the Oklahoma Panhandle' Part One, In Ancient American, Issue 68, 11:8-12 download 1.8 MB, 4½ pages

Lehrburger, Carl, 2006, 'The Anubis Caves: Mithraic Religion in the Oklahoma Panhandle' Part Two, In Ancient American, Issue 69, 11:26-30 download 1.7 MB, 5 pages

Lehrburger, Carl and Monahan, Scott, 2006, 'Evidence of Old World Travelers in Colorado: The Sun Temple and Crack Cave' in Ancient American, Issue 70, 11:2-17 download 11.5 MB, 7 pages

Leonard, Phil, 2006, 'A New World Monument to Mithras' in depth, illustrated companion to Old News Chapter 27 on recent interpretations of Anubis Cave iconography download 18.5 MB, 78 pages, exclusive

Loendorf, Lawrence L., Department of Anthropology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, June 1991, 'Cation-ratio varnish dating and petroglyph chronology in southeastern Colorado,' In Antiquity, 65:246-255. download 252 KB, pages 254 & 255

Zimmerman, Mark E., 1925, 'The Pawnee Americans' in Collections of the Kansas State Historical Society 1923-1925, Volume 16, pp. 463-475, Topeka download 1.2 MB, 13 pages highlighted including mid-America map, ethnography and archaeology suggestive of Skidi Pawnee link to ancient Celts in America

newspaper & television coverage

trailer video Monahan, Scott, May 7, 1985, History on the Rocks documentary KRMA-TV, PBS, Denver 58 minutes

Diddlebock, Bob, June 2, 1985, 'Archaeological team theorizes early Celts left mark in Colorado,' Rocky Mountain News p. 6. download 552 KB, 1 page

Guffey, S.J., July 12, 1986, 'Rewriting Ancient history: European visitors may have left their mark on the New World before 1492,' Associated Press as reprinted in The Sacramento Union p. B1. download 428 KB, 1 page

video McNamara, Bob, March 23, 1987, 'Mysterious illuminations on a cave wall...are they a clue to a new history of America?,' CBS Evening News with Dan Rather

video Savory, Eve, April 19, 1987, 'How expert theories contradict other forms of history,' Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Sunday Report

Wiggins, Erin, November 16, 2004, 'Academic or fringe?: Pre-Columbian Celtic Colorado event on campus today irks some CU Academics,' Colorado Daily pages 4 & 6. download 276 KB, 1 page

Coffield, Dana, September 18, 2005, 'AncientLight,' Denver Post p. 34A. download 1 MB, 1 page

History of Nova Scotia

"Norwegians -- though there be very little record of it -- visited the most northern parts of eastern North America over a thousand years ago. Indeed, maybe before the Norwegians, the Irish paid a visit; or maybe, in classic times, the Greeks."

resources on Antiquity

Cunliffe, Barry, 2001,The Extraordinary Voyage of Pytheas the Greek, Penguin.

Gimbutas, Marija, 1989, The Language of the Goddess, San Francisco. Harper San Francisco.

Gimbutas, Marija, 1991, The Civilization of the Goddess, San Francisco, Harper San Francisco.

Plato, 1971, Timaeus and Critias, New York, Penguin Books.

Porada, Edith, 1965, The Art of Ancient Iran, New York, Crown Publishers, Inc.

Santillana, Giorgio de and Hertha von Dechend, 1983, Hamlet’s Mill, Boston, David R. Godine.

Severin, Tim, 1978, The Brendan Voyage, McGraw-Hill.

Snow, Justine T. 2002, The Spider’s Web, Goddess of Light and Loom: Examining the Evidence for the Indo-European Origin of Two Ancient Chinese Deities, In Sino-Platonic Papers, Number 118, Dept. of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania.

Watterson, Barbara, 1984, The Gods of Ancient Egypt, New York, Facts on File Publs.

resources on Archaeoastronomy

Allen, Richard Hinckley, 1963, Star Names Their Lore and Meaning, New York, Dover Publ., Inc.

Bayley, Michael, 1997, Caer Sidhe, Volume 1, The Night Sky, Freshfields, Capall Bann Publishing.

Kelley, David H. and Eugene F. Milone, 2005, Exploring Ancient Skies: An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy, New York, Springer.

Malville, J. McKim and R. N. Swaminathan, 1998, 'People Planets and the Sun: Surya Puja in Tamil Nadu, South India'. In Culture and Cosmos, Vol. 2, pp. 3-15

Sesti, Giuseppe Maria, 1991, The Glorious Constellations, New York, Abrams.

resources on Diffusionism

Mallory, J. P. and Victor H. Mair, 2000, The Tarim Mummies, London, Thames & Hudson.

resources on Discoveries

Buchanan, Donal B. and Ann Buchanan, 1991, 'The Anubis Cave in Old World Iconography,' In ESRS Bulletin 18 (Oct.):27-42.

Farley, Gloria. 1985, 'Mythology of the Petroglyphs of the Anubis Caves,' In Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 14, #347.

Fell, Barry, 1985, 'Perietal Inscriptions of the Anubis Caves,' In Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 14, #342.

Keeler, Clyde. 1985. 'The Anubis Panel: Mythological Themes and Correlations,' In Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 14, #344.

Kelley, David H. 1990. 'Proto-Tifinagh and Proto-Ogham in the Americas,' In Review of Archaeology 11 (1):1-10.

McGlone, William R. et al, 1993, Ancient American Inscriptions: Plow Marks or History, Early Sites Research Society, MA, Sutton.

McGlone, Bill, Ted Barker and Phil Leonard, 1994, Petroglyphs of Southeast Colorado and the Oklahoma Panhandle, Kamas, UT, Mithras.

McGlone, Bill, Phil Leonard, and Ted Barker, 1999, Archaeoastronomy of Southeast Colorado and the Oklahoma Panhandle, Kamas, UT, Mithras.

Monahan, Scott, 1986, 'A Summer Solstice Sunset at the Compass Cave,' In Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, 15:157-159.

resources on Dating Rock Art

Dorn, Ronald I. and Theodore M. Oberlander, 1982, 'Rock Varnish,' In Progress in Physical Geography 6 (3):317-67.

Dorn, Ronald I., William R. McGlone and Phillip M. Leonard, 1990, 'Age Determination of Petroglyphs in Southeast Colorado', Southwestern Lore 56 (2):21-36.

Patterson, Alex, 1992, A Field Guide to Rock Art Symbols of the Greater Southwest, Boulder, Johnson Books.

resources on Mithras

Ashe, Geoffrey, 1992, Dawn Behind the Dawn, New York, Henry Holt and Co.

Barnett, R.D., 1975, 'A Mythraic Figure From Beirut,' In Mithraic Studies, John R. Hinnells, Editor, Manchester, Manchester Univ. Press, Vol. II pp. 466-469.

Beck, Roger, 1994, 'In the Place of the Lion: Mithras in the Tauroctony,' In Studies in Mithraism, John R. Hinnells, Editor, Roma, L’Erma di Bretschneider.

Bonnefoy, Yves, 1991, Mythologies, University of Chicago Press.

Budge, E.A. Wallis, 1978, Amulets and Superstitions, New York, Dover Pub. Inc.

Cardona, Dwardu, 1983, 'Child of Saturn' (Part IV). In Kronos Vol. VIII, 4.

Cooper, D. Jason, 1996, Mithras: Mysteries and Initiation Rediscovered, York Beach. Samuel Weiser, Inc.

Cumont, Franz, 1956, The Mysteries of Mithras, New York, Dover Publications, Inc.

Cumont, Franz, 1960, Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans, New York, Dover Publ. Inc.

Danielou, Alain, 1964, Hindu Polytheism, New York: Bolinger Foundation. Reprinted as The Myths and Gods of India. VT: Inner Traditions International (1985).

Daniels, C. M., 1975, 'The Role of the Roman Army in the Spread and Practice of Mithraism. In Mithraic Studies 2, ed. John R. Hinnells, pp. 249-74. Manchester, Manchester University Press.

de Santillana, Giorgio, and Hertha von Dechend, 1969, Hamlet’s Mill: An Essay on Myth and the Frame of Time. Boston, Harry N. Abrams.

Eliot, Alexander, 1976, Myths, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co.

Ferguson, John, 1970, The Religions of the Roman Empire, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

Gardiner, Allen. 1957, Egyptian Grammar, Oxford: Griffith Institute.

Godwin, Joscelyn 1981, Mystery Religions in the Ancient World, New York, Harper & Row Publishers.

Gordon, Richard, 1994, 'Mystery, Metaphor and Doctrine in the Mysteries of Mithras,' In Studies in Mithraism, John R. Hinnells, Editor, Roma, L’Erma di Bretschneider.

Gordon, R.L., 1975, 'Franz Cumont and the Doctrines of Mithraism,' In Mithraic Studies, John R. Hinnells, Editor, Manchester, Manchester Univ. Press, Vol. I, pp. 215-248.

Graves, Robert, 1960, The Greek Myths, New York, Penguin Books.

Green, Miranda, 1991, The Sun-Gods of Ancient Europe, London, Hippocrene Books, Inc.

Guirand, Felix Editor, 1968, New Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology, New York, The Hamlyn Publishing Group.

Leach, Maria Editor, 1972, Funk & Wagnall’s Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology, and Legend, New York, Harper & Row, Publishers.

Lentz, W, 1975, 'Some Peculiarities Not Hitherto Understood of “Roman” Mithraic Sanctuaries and Representations,' In Mithraic Studies, 358:377.

Leonard, Phillip and Ted Barker, 2005, 'Recent Equinox-Alignment Discoveries at the Anubis Caves, Western Oklahoma, and a Mithraic Interpretation,' In Pre-Columbiana, Vol. 3, Nos. 1-3, pp. 4-18.

Lewis, Charleton T., 1984, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford, Clarendon.

Lurker, Manfred, 1984, The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Egypt, New York. Thames and Hudson, Inc.

Malandra, William W. 1992, 'Middle Eastern Religions,' In The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol. 24, pp. 123-128. Chicago: Enclyclopaedia Britannica.

Merkelbach, Reinhold, 1992, 'Mystery Religions,' In The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol. 24. pp. 707-714. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Starr, Chester G. 1983, A History of the Ancient World, New York, Oxford Univ. Press.

Ulansey, David, 1989, The Origins of the Mithraic Mysteries, New York, Oxford Univ. Press.

Vermaseren, M.J., 1963, Mithras the Secret God, New York, Barnes & Noble, Inc.

Walters, Vivienne J., 1974, The Cult of Mithras in the Roman Provinces of Gaul, Leiden, E.J. Brill.

resources on Ogham and decipherments

Calder, George, 1917, Auraicept na nEces: The Scholar’s Primer, Edinburgh.

Graves, Robert, 1966, The White Goddess, New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Kelley, David H., 1990, 'Proto-Tifinagh and Proto-Ogham in the Americas,' In Review of Archaeology 11 (1):1-10.

Macalister, R.A.S., 1897, Studies in Irish Epigraphy, David Nutt, London, Part I.

Macalister, R.A.S., 1902, Studies in Irish Epigraphy, David Nutt, London, Part II.

Macalister, R.A.S., 1937, The Secret Languages of Ireland, Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Mac Cana, Proinsias, 1985, Celtic Mythology, New York, Peter Bedrick Books.

McManus, Damian, 1991, A Guide to Ogam, Maynooth, Ireland: An Sagart.

Monier-Williams, Monier, 1899, A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press.

Quinn, E. G., gen. ed., 1983, Dictionary of the Irish Language, Dublin, Royal Irish Academy

Rutherford, Ward, 1987, Celtic Mythology, Wellingborough, The Aquarian Press.

Sharkey, John, 1975, Celtic Mysteries, New York, The Crossroad Publishing Co.